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Blood and Oil: The Middle East in World War I DVD [DVD]


Palestine, Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, Iraq, modern Turkey and other hot spots are born as the British and French divide the fruits of victory in World War I.
Except for the Dardanelles/Gallipoli campaigns, the extensive combat operations in the Middle East during World War I have been largely overlooked in documentary programs. Given the historical significance of the Ottoman Empires demise in 1918, and the ongoing importance of Middle Eastern oil reserves to Western economies, a close study of this conflict provides two important lessons:
1. The Treaty of Versailles, agreed to by the Western Powers in 1919, paved the way for military and political chaos in the Middle East, which continues to this very day.
2. Oil reserves in the Middle East became an important strategic concern for Western Powers, helping to justify their economic, diplomatic and military interference in the region.
After the end of World War I, most of the Ottoman Empire was carved up into spheres of influence, controlled mostly by the British and French. The remaining territories became the modern state of Turkey in 1923 after a five-year struggle by Turkish nationalists against Western domination.
With little regard for cultural, historical, religious and demographic considerations, the West sponsored the creation of several new nations: Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Palestine, Jordan and Saudi Arabia. Thus, a tinderbox was built from Western greed, igniting a multitude of wars, revolts, coups and military occupations that truly have made the defeat of the Ottoman Empire little more than a hollow victory.
TPL 112 minutes







Key Dates in the Film
1912-1913 Balkan Wars
October 25, 1914 Enver Pasha, Ottoman Empire Minister of War, orders Turkish Fleet into the Black Sea to start a war against Russia
November 6, 1914 Great Britain lands troops near Abadan at the southern tip of Iran the day after declaring war on the Ottoman Empire
April 1917 United States Congress declares war on Germany
July 6, 1917 British Captain Thomas, Lawrence and his Arabs capture the strategic port of Aqaba on the Red Sea, attacking across 600 miles of desert.
December 7, 1917 British forces attack the holy city of Jerusalem. Four centuries of Ottoman rule have come to an end
September 19, 1918 Battle of Megiddo
October 30, 1918 Mehmed the Sixth surrenders his force of 11,000 men
November 1, 1918 In violation of an armistice from a day earlier, British cavalry rush to Mosul and occupy it on November 1st. Great Britain now controls the oil in Iraq
November 11, 1918 German military leaders agree to an armistice
June 28, 1919 Treaty of Versailles is signed
1919 Winston Churchill becomes new Secretary of War
February 1921 A new government takes over in Teheran

Chapter List
PART I
1. Surprise Attack
2. Military Disaster
3. The Dardanelles
4. Suez Advance
5. Gallipoli
6. Iraq Expedition
7. Caucasus Front
8. Iraq Revisited
9. Desert War
10. Baghdad Taken
11. Gaza Battles
12. Jerusalem Falls
PART II
13.Arab Revolt
14. Objective: Baku
15. Palestine Front
16. Damascus Captured
17. Istanbul Surrenders
18. Spoils of War
19. Greek Invasion
20. Turks Fight Back
21. Armenian Retreat
22. Greco-Turkish War
23. A New Nation
24. Hollow Victory

Written, produced and directed by Marty Callaghan. Narrated by Marty Callaghan


Our Price: £19.99